As of 30 June 2016, KB Group’s Common Equity Tier 1 capital adequacy stood at 15.3%. The Czech National Bank informed KB that in accordance with its assessment of KB’s systemic importance the Bank’s systemic risk buffer should be lifted to 3.0% from 2.5% as from 1 January 2017. This is in addition to the previously announced decision of the CNB to increase the rate of countercyclical capital buffer from 1 January 2017 to 0.5% (from 0%). In its Financial Stability Report, the CNB also provided a stricter interpretation of Basel III rules on interaction of regulatory capital buffers, effectively leading to stricter Overall Capital Requirement for banks. Further changes to the capital requirements may arise from the continuing annual Supervisory Review and Evaluation Process.
With the new information on further important increase in the capital requirements, the Board of Directors of KB decided to put under review the previously communicated guidance on dividend distribution from the result of 2016. Under the current assumption of no additional changes to the capital requirements to be incurred in 2016, KB should be able to sustain the organic development of its business activities by returning to the level of dividend pay our ratio usual before the period of increased dividend distribution (from 2014).
Liquidity measured as the ratio of net loans to deposits was at a solid 80.1%.
KB had 45,826 shareholders (+2,992 year on year), of which 40,244 were private individuals from the Czech Republic (+2,578 year on year).
Comments on business and financial results
The published financial data are from unaudited consolidated results under IFRS (International Financial Reporting Standards).
BUSINESS PERFORMANCE OF KB GROUP
Market environment in the first half of 2016
In line with expectations, the Czech economy’s growth slowed in the first half of 2016 compared to the previous year, but it remained on track to grow by more than 2% in the full year 2016, thanks to solid private and foreign demand. The slowdown is due mainly to reduction in investment activities financed from public sources, which was reflected in declining construction output. The slowdown was evident in some industrial sectors, too, even though strong growth in car production caused reported manufacturing output to show a solid expansion.
Household consumption remained strong thanks to a favourable employment situation. In June, the unemployment rate fell to 5.2%, the lowest level since the 2009 crisis year, and the tightening labour market is beginning to squeeze some employers. Nominal wages grew by 4.4% in the first quarter.
Consumer price inflation remained low, at 0.1% year on year in June, while core inflation3 stood at 1.4%. The CNB kept its monetary policy unchanged during the first half, and interbank rates continued to diminish moderately from their already very low levels. The benchmark 10-year interest rate swap rate decreased below 0.5% from 1% at the beginning of the year.
The lending market retained a solid growth trend. In the individuals segment, mortgages continued to be well in demand and the market even saw the total volume of consumer loans increase slightly after a long period of stagnation. Borrowing by private businesses was a bit slower, reflecting both relatively strong generation of cash from operations as well as enduring uncertainty which limits the appetite for investments into new production capacities. The volume of credits outstanding to entities from the public sector declined markedly.
Developments in the client portfolio and distribution networks
At the close of June 2016, KB Group was serving 2.4 million clients on a consolidated basis. Standalone KB recorded 1,649,000 clients (+0.7% year on year), of which 1,393,000 were individuals. The remaining 256,000 customers were comprised of entrepreneurs, businesses and corporations (including municipalities and associations). Modrá pyramida was attending to 503,000 customers, and the number of pension insurance participants at KB Penzijní společnost reached 540,000. ESSOX’s services were being used by 210,000 active clients.
Komerční banka’s clients had at their disposal 397 banking branches (including one branch for corporate clients in Slovakia), 773 ATMs, plus full-featured direct banking channels supported by two call centres. The number of clients using at least one direct banking channel (such as internet or telephone banking) reached 1,364,000 by the end of June 2016 and corresponds to 82.7% of all clients. Customers held 1,611,000 active payment cards, of which 197,000 were credit cards. The number of active credit cards issued by ESSOX came to 115,000. Modrá pyramida’s customers had at their disposal 217 points of sale and approximately 1,000 advisors. SG Equipment Finance (SGEF) was providing its leasing services via nine branches (two of which are in Slovakia), as well as through KB’s network.
Loans to customers
The total gross volume of loans provided by KB Group expanded by 9.9% year on year to CZK 570.8 billion. Lending increased across all categories.
Among lending to individuals, the overall volume of housing loansI grew by 10.9% year on year. Within this total, the portfolio of mortgages to individuals expanded by 12.8% from the year earlier to CZK 194.9 billion. Modrá pyramida reported growth of its portfolio by 2.0% to CZK 37.7 billion. The volume of consumer lending provided by KB and ESSOX was up by 6.9% to CZK 31.5 billion, notably outperforming the market.
The total volume of loans provided by KB Group to businesses climbed by 10.7% to CZK 304.3 billion. The overall volume of credit granted by KB to medium-sized and large corporate clients in the Czech Republic and Slovakia, and inclusive of factor finance outstanding at Factoring KB, advanced by 11.8% to CZK 248.0 billion. Lending to small businesses expanded by 6.7% to CZK 31.6 billion. Total credit and leasing amounts outstanding at SGEF were higher by 5.5% year over year at CZK 24.7 billion.
Amounts due to customers and assets under management
While excluding volatile repo operations with clients4, the overall volume of deposits within KB Group rose by 10.2% year on year to CZK 690.0 billion. Deposits at KB from individual clients grew by 12.5% year on year to CZK 208.9 billion. The deposit book at Modrá pyramida diminished by 7.3% to CZK 64.9 billion. Total deposits from businesses and other corporations climbed by 12.3% to CZK 409.4 billion.
Client assets managed by KB Penzijní společnost were higher by 10.4% at CZK 47.5 billion. Technical reserves in life insurance at Komerční pojišťovna expanded by 5.4% to CZK 45.8 billion. The volumes in mutual funds held by KB Group clients grew by 9.2% to CZK 51.2 billion.
FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE OF KB GROUP
As from 1 January 2016, Komerční banka reclassified certain items in the income statement and statement of financial position in accordance with IFRS to better reflect the substance of those items and recommendations of the European Banking Authority.
Specifically, the contribution to the Deposit Insurance Fund has been reclassified from ‘Net interest income’ to ‘General administrative expenses’ and the contribution to the Investor Compensation Fund (supported by securities brokers) has been reclassified from ‘Net fees and commissions’ to ‘General administrative expenses’. In addition, the balances of depository bills of exchange have been reclassified from ‘Amounts due to customers’ to ‘Securities issued’.
The comments provided above and below are on a like-for-like basis. Results for the first half of 2016 and the comparable period (first half 2015) are presented in accordance with the reporting methodology applied from 2016.
Komerční banka’s reported revenues (net banking income) for the first six months of 2016 were up by 5.3%. This growth was markedly influenced by a gain from reimbursement for KB’s stake in VISA Europe Ltd. after that company had been acquired by VISA Inc. Excluding this one-off impact, the revenues declined by a slight 0.9%.
Net interest income was down by 2.1% to CZK 10,446 million as pressure continued from the prevailing low market interest rates and in spite of growing loan and deposit volumes. Yields from reinvestment of deposits decreased markedly, and interest income from loans rose somewhat more slowly than did their volumes, reflecting the competitive pressure on loan spreads. The net interest margin, computed as the ratio of net interest income to interest-earning assets reported on the balance sheet, narrowed to 2.5% in the six months of 2016 from 2.6% one year earlier.
Net fees and commissions were down by 2.4% to CZK 3,408 million, due to lower fees from basic services partially offset by higher transaction activity. The Bank paid out more rewards within the MojeOdměny (MyRewards) loyalty programme and generated fewer fees for loan services as a result of previously cancelling loan administration fees. Weaker construction activity and smaller numbers of public tenders reduced demand for bank guarantees. On the positive side, transaction fee income was supported by rising numbers of the Bank’s clients and the larger size of their transactions. Fees from cross-selling were stable, inasmuch as the volume of assets under management continued to grow strongly even though sales of mutual funds and life insurance policies were somewhat subdued. Also stable were fees from specialised financial services, mainly for corporations (including custody, debt capital market services and syndications).
Net gains from financial operations improved by 12.3% even excluding the contribution from the VISA Europe transaction. Demand from corporate clients for hedging of currency and interest rate risks was solid, and a growing number of clients used the eTrading platform for foreign exchange transactions. Along with increasing foreign transactions turnover, this boosted fees and commissions from FX transactions. In the second quarter, KB recognised in the income statement the CZK 959 million value (before taxation) of consideration it obtained for its stake in VISA Europe, coming in the forms of cash, deferred cash and securities. Including this one-off gain, reported net profit from financial operations climbed by 89.2% to CZK 2,359 million.
Operating expenditures remained almost flat at CZK 7,196 million (−0,1% year over year). Within this total, personnel expenses were higher by 1.6% at CZK 3,429 million. The average number of employees was flat at 8,434. General administrative expenses (excluding the regulatory funds) were down by 3.0% to CZK 2,029 million. Savings were achieved across all main areas except for marketing. The cost of contributions to the Deposit Insurance Fund, Resolution Fund and Investor Protection Fund (supported by securities brokers) totalled CZK 874 million, which in accordance with the IFRIC 21 guideline is the total charge to these funds for the year 2016. As of 30 June 2015, by comparison, KB had booked CZK 861 million of costs for the regulatory funds, while those expenditures for the full year 2015 had reached CZK 913 million. The category ‘Depreciation, impairment and disposal of fixed assets’ was smaller by 1.7%, at CZK 864 million, as certain assets had reached the end of their depreciation periods during 2015.
Gross operating income for the first six months of 2016 was higher by 10.1% year on year, at CZK 9,083 million. If the gain from the VISA Europe transaction were excluded, the gross operating income would have declined by 1.6%.
The cost of risk increased to CZK 788 million from the very low result of the previous year’s first half (CZK 118 million). This translates into 29 basis points in relative termsII as measured over the average volume of the lending portfolio. Provisioning in retail segments remained marginal, reflecting the very good repayment discipline of clients and successful recovery performance. The cost of risk in corporate segments was influenced by creation of provisions on a few isolated cases.
Income from shares in associated undertakings (effectively only from Komerční pojišťovna) was up by 3.2% to CZK 97 million.
Income taxes increased by 8.4% to CZK 1,492 million.
At CZK 6,899 million, KB Group’s consolidated net profit for the first half of 2016 was higher by 0.7% in comparison with the same period in the prior year. Of this amount, CZK 205 million was profit attributable to holders of minority stakes in KB’s subsidiaries (-4.2% versus the year earlier). Profit attributable to the Bank’s shareholders totalled CZK 6,695 million, which is 0.8% more than in the first six months of 2015. The attributable net profit not including the net gain from the VISA Europe transaction declined by 10.9% year on year.
Statement of financial position
The comparison period for the balance sheet under IFRS is the end of the previous year. Therefore, unless indicated otherwise, the following text provides a comparison with the close of 2015.
As of 1 January 2016, Komerční banka reclassified depository bills of exchange from ‘Amounts due to customers’ to ‘Securities issued’. The figures have been reclassified retrospectively. As a result of the reclassification, the item ‘Amounts due to customers’ as of 31 December 2015 contracts by CZK 10.1 billion and the item ‘Securities issued’ expands by the same amount.
As of 30 June 2016, KB Group’s total assets had grown by 5.4% for the year to date to CZK 939.8 billion.
Cash and current balances with central banks were up by 11.5% to CZK 143.0 billion. The main component of this item comprises the volume of obligatory minimum reserves at central banks.
Amounts due from banks grew by 15.4% to CZK 55.2 billion.
Financial assets measured at fair value through profit or loss increased by 14.9% to CZK 33.6 billion.
Total net loans and advances picked up by 4.4% in comparison with the end of the previous year to reach CZK 555.8 billion. The gross amount of client loans and advancesIII was up by 4.1% to CZK 570.8 billion. The share of standard loans within that total climbed to 94.6% (CZK 540.3 billion) while the proportion of loans rated watch was 1.3% (CZK 7.7 billion). Loans under special review (substandard, doubtful and loss) comprised 4.0% of the portfolio, with volume of CZK 22.9 billion. The volume of provisions created for loans reached CZK 15.3 billion. That was 3.1% less than at the close of 2015.
The portfolio of securities available for sale (AFS) diminished by 5.0% to CZK 39.8 billion. Of the CZK 39.8 billion in the AFS portfolio, debt securities comprised CZK 39.6 billion. These included CZK 20.1 billion in Czech government bonds and foreign government bonds of CZK 8.1 billion. The volume of securities in the held-to-maturity (HTM) portfolio shrank by 7.0% to CZK 62.4 billion. From the CZK 62.4 billion total volume of debt securities in this portfolio, Czech government bonds constituted CZK 53.2 billion and foreign government bonds CZK 9.2 billion.
The net book value of tangible fixed assets dropped by 6.7% to CZK 6.4 billion, while that of intangible fixed assets declined by 3.4% to reach CZK 3.7 billion. Goodwill, which primarily derives from the acquisitions of Modrá pyramida, SGEF and ESSOX, remained unchanged at CZK 3.8 billion.
Total liabilities were 6.6% higher in comparison to the close of 2015 and reached CZK 837.1 billion. Amounts due to customers grew by 5.8% to CZK 694.3 billion. Because of the decrease in depository bills of exchange, the volume outstanding of issued securities fell by 26.4% to CZK 15.8 billion. The Group’s liquidity as measured by the ratio of net loans to deposits was 80.1%.
Shareholders’ equity dropped year to date by 3.4% to CZK 102.6 billion, as the generation of net profit and revaluation gains on cash flow hedges was more than offset by the dividends payment (KB paid out CZK 11.7 billion in May). Revaluation gains on cash flow hedges were higher due to lower long-term interest rates in comparison with the end of 2015. The revaluation of the AFS portfolio (which represents primarily reinvestment of client deposits) declined as a result of recognising the reimbursement for KB’s stake in VISA Europe Ltd. within ‘Net gains from financial operations’ and amortisation of the revaluation differences on securities reclassified from the AFS to HTM portfolio in 2014. As of 30 June 2016, KB held in treasury 1,193,360 of its own shares constituting 0.63% of the registered capital.
Consolidated regulatory capital for the capital adequacy calculation stood at CZK 65.9 billion as of 30 June 2016. KB Group’s regulatory capital was composed solely of Core Tier 1 equity. The capital adequacy (as well as the Core Tier 1 capital ratio under Basel III standards) stood at 15.3%. The regulatory capital base includes a contribution from a part of the revaluation reserve related to AFS securities portfolio recognised within the equity account.
As measured by the Liquidity Coverage Ratio, KB’s liquidity throughout the first half of 2016 safely met requirements established by the applicable regulations.
Change in the Group structure
ESSOX s.r.o., 50.93% subsidiary of Komerční banka, concluded on 1 July 2016 the acquisitions of 100% ownership stakes in PSA FINANCE ČESKÁ REPUBLIKA s.r.o. (“PSA Finance CZ”) and in PSA FINANCE SLOVAKIA, s.r.o. (“PSA Finance SK”) from members of Banque PSA Finance, based in Paris. PSA Finance CZ and PSA Finance SK has been consolidated in Komerční banka Group accounts from 1 July 2016.
Consolidated results as of 30 June 2016 under International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS)