Possibility to purchase and sell instruments traded on the Prague Stock Exchange – particularly shares and bonds
Shares are securities that are associated with shareholders’ rights to take part in the company management, profits, and liquidation balance (company dissolution)
Bonds are securities that are associated with their holders’ right to request repayment of outstanding amount (nominal amount) and regular payment of returns accrued as of specific dates
Bonds include government and municipal bonds, with fixed, variable or zero interest rate (zero-coupon)
At least once every quarter, clients receive their portfolio account statement, with detailed description of financial funds/securities balances – this statement also provides an overview of all transactions taking place within sub-accounts of securities and financial funds
Portfolio management remuneration paid once a year
If you pay more than CZK 10,000 in commissions during a year, we will manage your portfolio free of charge
No fees charged for submitted share purchase/sale orders
Fee charged for the administration of securities in your portfolio
Dividends paid out in foreign currencies are credited to your portfolio account in foreign currency as well
Bonds are always traded with accessories – i.e. current pro rata interest revenue as of the transaction settlement; for this reason, KB accepts bond trading orders with one-day maturity only
Considering the limited liquidity of bond trading on the Prague Stock Exchange, we advise clients to respect the current quotation of KB dealers in their orders – this will considerably increase the probability of their orders being fulfilled
There are many risks associated with capital market trading that may impair investments.
Risks associated with shares:
Company (issuer) risk
Each buyer becomes a company shareholder, thereby taking part in its development and any profit or loss. All risks are usually reflected in the current market value – the returns on such investments are thus difficult to predict. In extreme cases, the given company may even go bankrupt and the entire investment may be lost.
Prices of shares may be subject to unpredictable fluctuations, resulting in potential losses. Prices go up and down in the course of medium-term and long-term cycles, without any way of determining the duration of such cycles. This is general market risk, associated with market sentiments, global political situation and situation prevailing in the financial markets. This risk must be distinguished from risks specific to a company.
Dividend payment risk
Dividend per share mainly depends on revenue of the issuing company as well as its dividend policy and development plan. In case of low profits, dividend revenue may be reduced or not paid out at all.
Risks associated with bonds:
Interest rate risk
Interest rates and bond prices carry an inverse relationship. As interest rates fall, the price of bonds generally rises and, conversely, when interest rates rise, bond prices tend to fall. Uncertainty relating to interest rate changes means that investments in fixed-rate securities are associated with the risk of declining prices of such securities, when interest rates rise. The longer the maturity and the lower the interest rate, the higher the bond sensitivity to rising market rates.
Investors buying bonds essentially commit to receiving a rate of return, either fixed or variable, for the duration of the bond or at least as long as it is held. In case inflation increases dramatically, and at a faster rate than investment income, investors may actually achieve a negative rate of return.
Investors must consider the possibility of bond issuer’s temporary or permanent default, not being able to repay the coupon or principal in time. In their investment decisions, clients must factor in the possibility that corporate and municipal bonds are not guaranteed and that they may lose their initial investments, either in part or in full.
Rating downgrade risk
Issuers’ ratings are published by ratings institutions. They assess company’s ability to manage and repay its debt. If a company's credit rating is low or its ability to repay is questioned, banks and lending institutions may charge the company a higher interest rate for future loans. This further impairs the company's ability to satisfy its debts, prices of existing bonds decline, and existing bondholders incur losses when selling their bonds.
Government bonds usually do not have any problems with market liquidity. However, the situation may be quite different for other types of bonds. Bonds traded on a thin market may be sold at lower prices than those expected by investors on the basis of standard reports.
In its prospectus, an issuer may reserve the right to bond prepayment (call option), usually exercised in case of declining market interest rates. Therefore, investors may not generate expected returns to maturity.
Cookies make web browsing more pleasant and easier for you. To process some of them, we need your consent which you give by clicking on "Accept all". If you do not want to allow optional cookies, click on "Reject all". Cookies can also be accepted individually.